Causes, Treatment, and Prevention of Diphtheria

1. Cause
Diphtheria is caused by a bacterium called "Corynebacterium diphtheria". The bacteria can spread through daily activities, such as:

  • Contamination of personal belongings of patients with diphtheria. Diphtheria can be transmitted through personal belongings of people infected with diphtheria. Like, use drinking glasses simultaneously

  • Contamination of household goods. Although rare, diphtheria can also spread through common household items, such as towels or toys.

  • Sneezing. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, contaminated vapors will be released and allow people around them to be exposed to the bacteria.

  • In addition, you can also get diphtheria when touching the wound of an infected person.

2. Treatment
Generally, diphtheria sufferers should be quarantined until the critical period is exceeded, usually up to 2-3 weeks. In this quarantine period, the sufferer of diphtheria should rest adequately, meet the fluid requirement, apply the diet according to the doctor's instructions, and keep the breath free.

Patients will also be given "antitoxin anti-diphtheria serum" (ADS) given immediately after proven infected. Steroids are given when there are symptoms of breathlessness in the airways. In addition, patients are advised not to be treated at home in order not to infect others.

After recovering from diphtheria, the patient should perform a full diphtheria vaccine to prevent the recurrence of diphtheria. Never suffering from diphtheria does not guarantee you will have lifelong immunity. You may experience diphtheria more than once if you do not get the complete immunization.

3. Prevention
Diphtheria can be prevented by DPT immunization (diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus). DPT immunization is given five times since children aged two months to six years.

However, there are some side effects of this immunization. Some children will experience mild fever, fussiness, weakness, and swelling in the area of ​​the former injection. Ask your doctor about what you need to do to minimize these side effects.

Related article : What Is Diphtheria?

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