What is Influenza Vaccination ?

What is Influenza Vaccination ? - Influenza or by the majority of people are often referred to as the flu is one of the infectious disease caused by the influenza virus. The virus is usually able to spread and transmitted through various means, such as through coughing, sneezing, and also get in touch. Anyone can get flu. Even the attack of flu can emerge suddenly and persist for several days.
As for some of the symptoms that might be experienced by someone who was suffering from the flu include:

  • Fever or chills
  • Pain in the throat 
  • Muscle pain
  • The body quickly tired
  • A cough
  • A headache
  • A runny nose and/or nasal congestion

In some cases both severe, flu can lead to several complications in its victims, such as pneumonia and a blood infection, certain conditions can cause diarrhea and seizures in children. For someone who has a history of heart disease or lung disease, flu can lead to more severe conditions. In addition, children, people who are elderly (over 65 years), pregnant women, as well as someone who has a weakened immune system are very vulnerable to experiencing complications when suffering from flu.

Please note the complications of influenza caused by the disease can cause high mortality. Loss due to suffering from influenza can also be varied, such as costs for treatment, the costs to deal with complications, as well as loss due to the loss of working days (absent from work or school) is very high.

About Influenza Vaccination and its Function

Whether vaccination only for children or babies? You need to know, the vaccination that we get during the baby would disappear gradually its function along with the increase of age. Even at the age of 18 years is, in fact, our bodies already need new vaccinations again or often called booster in an effort to prevent a variety of diseases. Then what about influenza vaccination?

Influenza vaccination is carried out in an effort to prevent the flu. Everyone is at risk for the flu. So it could be said that influenza vaccination is important enough for anyone. Influenza vaccination is safe and effective enough to provide protection for one year against influenza. Influenza vaccination is also recommended mandatory or even given to people who will leave for Hajj or ' Umrah because it was feared when people suffering from influenza then its activities during worship will be disturbed.

Influenza vaccination is effective to prevent flu attacks until it reaches a percentage of 77% to 90%. But of course, this depends on the old one and also the intensity of the flu season and also is closely related to the condition of your health. In some cases, a person who is given influenza vaccination can still strike with the flu. People usually only got a little bit of a virulent form that causes the emergence of a more major pain and again these people have a higher risk of complications due to the emergence of flu against, such as in people with inflammations the lungs, heart disease, stroke, and also people who are already aged further.

Apart from this, influenza vaccination, of course, has benefits to health, including:

  • Provide the best protection against the flu and its complications too.
  • Influenza vaccination is also useful to prevent the spread of the influenza virus to others.

As explained earlier, the influenza vaccination provides protection against flu attack to reach the figure of 70%-90%. That is if someone can be vaccinated before the flu once every 3 months then after influenza vaccination is given a person likely will only suffer from flu by as much as 1 times a year or even not at all.

Types of Influenza Vaccination and Also its Contents

There are 2 types of influenza vaccination, i.e.:

  • Influenza vaccination through injections (in the form of vaccinations that are turned off or are referred to as recombinant), this vaccination does not contain live influenza virus. Vaccination via this method will not cause You got the flu but it will make your body makes antibodies that are needed to prevent the influenza virus. Usually, the reaction of this vaccination will last one to two days or even more, and will usually appear more often in children who are rarely exposed to the flu virus.
  • Live vaccinations are weakened. Types of vaccinations are given through the nose into the spraying method containing the live attenuated influenza virus. This type of vaccination does not cause the flu, but encourage the immune response in the nose and also the upper respiratory tract and then spread to the rest of the body.

Each dose of vaccination that is given to a person (0.5 ml) contains strains:

  • Influenza A (H1N1) as much as 15μg HA
  • Influenza A (H3N2) as much as 15 μg HA
  • Influenza virus B 15 μg HA
  • Thimerosal 4 μg

Swine flu is a type of disease that is caused by a virus influenza A type H1N1, H1N2, H3N1, H3N2, and H2N3. Meanwhile, bird flu is caused by influenza A virus subtype H5N1. In other words, the giving of the influenza vaccination can also protect yourself from the threat of the swine flu disease and bird flu as well.

Influenza vaccination does not fully provide protection against bird flu virus attacks. However, the granting of vaccination will reduce the risk of infection of stimulant between man and bird flu virus. Stimulant infection is the primary way viruses to swap genes as well as creating new strains have the potential to cause pandemic flu.

Who should Get Influenza vaccination?

Each person very vulnerable exposed to flu illness, especially in the flu season in December to January. In other words, everyone can actually and if necessary must get an influenza vaccination.
However, there are some people who preferred to acquire influenza vaccination, either because they were particularly vulnerable to exposure to the influenza virus, including:

  • Pregnant women
  • People who are elderly, it could be 50 years old or more
  • Some people who have a history of chronic medical
  • The nurse or healthcare workers or those who live with or care for someone who is highly at risk for complications from the flu-affected
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Administering a dose of influenza vaccination in children aged under 9 years normally will be as much as 2 doses, especially for the children who first obtain vaccinations. This is done with the consideration that children are not able to develop sufficient antibody levels when they first obtain the vaccination. The antibodies will help against the presence of the virus if the virus enters into the body of your child. If for a certain consideration your child not able to acquire 2 doses of vaccinations, then 1 dose vaccination course also can still be given. 1 dose vaccination can still provide protection to your child against disorders of the influenza virus. (See also: how to improve antibody)

Administering influenza vaccination in the elderly people (over 65 years) relative did not provide considerable protection for the elderly do not produce antibodies that are pretty much to fight viral infections. It's just that, giving vaccinations possible can provide more protection because the granting of influenza vaccination will reduce the risk of complications due to flu-like pneumonia, heart disease, and stroke.

In addition, there are a few important guidelines when granting influenza vaccination where there are some people who should consult a doctor first before obtaining vaccinations, of which:

  • Someone who never experienced a severe allergic or life-threatening. If some parts are contained in the vaccine is likely to cause an allergic reaction of your body then there should not be given the vaccination. Most, though not all, types of influenza vaccination to contain little protein. Therefore if you are allergic to proteins need to consider different aspects.
  • Someone who had suffered from Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS/severe paralysis). Someone who had suffered from this syndrome should consult in advance with the doctor before doing the vaccinations.
  • Someone who is unwell. Influenza vaccination was not usually will give a bad impact on the body, but it's good You inform the doctor about the condition of your body before doing the vaccinations.

Influenza Vaccination Side Effects

As with any other medicine, different kinds of influenza vaccination can also cause side effects to the body. Most cases of people who acquire influenza vaccination usually do not experience any serious side effects. Some mild side effects which may appear after influenza vaccination include:

  • Appears the pain, swelling, or redness at the site of granting injections
  • The voice becomes hoarse
  • Sore eyes, red, or swollen
  • A cough
  • Fever
  • A headache
  • Itching 
  • Fatigue
  • Some of these symptoms will usually appear immediately after acquiring the vaccination until after 12 days of administering the vaccine.
Those are some things related to influenza vaccination. Given that vaccination has important benefits for the body, then you can do this vaccination at the nearest hospital or clinic.

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Reference: From various sources

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